Soil testing is a key component for efficient and successful soil bio-remediation. Most people ask us what the NPK is in our product. Right a way, when someone ask for the NPK in our products, we have to explain that our products are not fertilizers. NPK stands for the level of Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium in the soil or in fertilizers. Chemical fertilizers can affect the natural beneficial enzymes and micro-organisms in the soil and that can result in poor plant growth or absorption of nutrients.
HISTORY OF SOIL BIOLOGY
Soil biology is the study of microbial and faunal activities and ecology in soil. Soil like, soil biota, or edaphon is a collective term for the organism within the soil. This organisms living include earthworm, nematodes, protozoa, fungi, bacterial and different arthropods, soil biology play a vital role in determine many soil characteristics yet, been a relatively new science, much remains unknown about soil biology and about the nature of soil is affected (Whitman et al., 1998). The soil is home to large proportion of world‟s bio-diversity. The links between soil function are observed to be incredibly complex. The interconnectedness and complexity of this soil „food web‟ means any appraisal of soil function must necessarily take into account interaction with the communities that exist within the soil (Higa, 1995). We know that soil organism prevent nutrient loss by leaching. Microbial exudates act to maintain soil structure, and earthworms are important in bioturdation. However, we find that we don‟t understand critical aspects about how these functions interact. The discovery of globalin in 1995 indicates that we lack the knowledge to correctly answer some of the most basic question about the biogeochemical cycle in soils. We have much work ahead to gain a better understanding of how soil biological components. We have much work ahead to gain a better understanding of soil biological components affect us and the biosphere (Comis, 2002). In balanced soil, plants grow in an active and steady environment. The mineral content of the soil and its healthful structure are important for their well being, but it is the life in the earth that powers its cycles and provides its fertility without the activities of soil organisms, organic materials would accumulate and litter the soil surface, and there would be no food for plants (Parr et al., 19994).
Organic and Inorganic Fertilizers:
All fertilizers supply plant with the nutrients your garden needs to be in tip-top shape. However, organic and inorganic fertilizer supplies nutrients to soil in different ways. Organic fertilizers create a healthy environment for the soil over a long period of time, while inorganic fertilizers work much quickly, but fail to create a sustainable environment (Stewart et al., 2005). These will help the people in choosing the one that best fits your needs, or consider combining them to get the best of both options. 2.8.1 Organic and inorganic fertilizer Organic fertilizers are composed of natural ingredient from plant or animals. Example includes manure and a blend parts such as leaves and peanut hulls. Compost: a blend of plant debris broken down of natural processes is also considered a natural or organic fertilizer (Stewart et al., 2005). Inorganic fertilizer, on the other hand, is manufactures from minerals or synthetic chemicals. Both organic and inorganic fertilizers supplement the soil and feed plants with nutrients. Macronutrients: -those nutrients that plant requires in large amounts include nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium and are listed as percentage on the fertilizer bag (Reganold et al., 1990). 2.8.2 Pros and cons of organic and inorganic fertilizer There are benefits and what some may consider disadvantages of organic and inorganic fertilizer, deciding which kind to use may depend on your horticultural situation. According to North Caroline state university, organic matter in natural fertilizers promotes and environment conducive for earthworms and increase the capacity for holding water and nutrients. Organic fertilizer release nutrient slowly, relying on soil organisms to break down organic matter. A slow-release scenario decreases the risk of nutrient leaching but takes time to supply nutrient to plant. Inorganic fertilizer contains a higher percentage of nutrients and provides them more quickly than organic fertilizer. This is a benefit for plants with a short life span, such as bedding plants, but the concentrated form increase the risk of burning the plant if applied incorrectly, and the quick release of nutrients may result in soil leaching (Artur and Lars, 1997).
We visit your site and take soil samples, which we then do various tests before any treatment to determine what the soil needs. Then we will propose a soil treatment plan. We can even provide the experts to do the treatment or we can just provide you with the products to do it yourself. After the recommended treatment, then we test again to measure the quality of the soil. We then monitor the harvest and crops to compare with the baseline for a measurement of increase in production, yield and health of the product.
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